Cybersecurity 101
Everything You Need to Know

nearSea Technologies

Protecting yourself from cyberattacks is crucial in today's digital age, and by following best practices such as using strong passwords, updating software, and staying informed about cyber threats, you can reduce your risk of falling victim to a cyberattack.


As we increasingly rely on technology, we become more vulnerable to cyberattacks. Hackers are constantly finding new ways to steal our personal information or gain access to our devices, and it's up to us to take the necessary precautions to protect ourselves. In this story, we will discuss why we are targets, the common problems and solutions with operating systems, browser extensions, and password managers, as well as some best practices to keep yourself safe online.

Why are we targets?

The simple answer is that hackers are after our personal information. This can include anything from credit card information to login credentials for our online accounts. With this data, they can steal our identity, make unauthorized purchases, or access our sensitive information. Additionally, some hackers may target specific individuals or organizations for political or financial gain. It is important to remember that anyone can be a target, regardless of age or income.

“A Hacked computer or email has a high value in the market”

Operating Systems (problems and solutions)

Operating systems like Windows or MacOS are the backbone of our devices, but they can also be a target for cyberattacks. One common problem is outdated software, which can leave vulnerabilities that hackers can exploit. The solution is to regularly update your operating system to the latest version, which will often include security patches.

Another problem is user error, such as downloading suspicious files or clicking on phishing links. The solution is to be cautious and only download files from trusted sources and double-check the URL before entering any sensitive information.

Browser Extensions (problems and solutions)

Browser extensions can be a helpful tool for customizing your browsing experience, but they can also be a security threat. Some extensions may track your browsing data or inject unwanted ads into web pages. The solution is to install extensions from reputable sources and to regularly review your installed extensions and remove any that you no longer use or trust. Additionally, only grant permission to extensions to access your data, if it is necessary to function properly.

Password (problems and solutions)

The biggest problem with passwords is that people tend to reuse them across multiple accounts. This means that if a hacker gains access to one password, they can potentially access other accounts as well. Additionally, people often use weak passwords that are easy to guess or crack. Common passwords like "123456" or "password" are easy to remember, but also easy for hackers to guess. To avoid getting hacked, you have three solutions that will help, create strong passwords, use a password manager and use two-factor authentication (2FA).

The first solution is to create strong passwords, making it difficult for others to access your account. To create a strong password, you should combine uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Avoid using common words or phrases, and do not use personal information such as your name, birth date, or address.

The second solution is to use a password manager. This will generate and store strong passwords for each account. Using a password manager, you can create unique and complex passwords for each account without having to remember them all.

The third solution is to use two-factor authentication (2FA). With 2FA, you will have to provide a second form of identification, such as a fingerprint or code sent to your phone.

Best Practices

In addition to the specific problems and solutions discussed above, there are some best practices for staying protected online. These include using antivirus software, enabling two-factor authentication on all accounts that support it, website URL awareness, rejecting cookies, being aware of phishing attacks (via SMS or email), updating systems regularly, changing default settings on your computer, and using Password Managers. It is also a good idea to educate yourself on the latest cyber threats and to stay informed of any data breaches that may affect you.

Click here to learn how to protect your Android device.

To learn how to protect your iOS device, click here.


Cybersecurity is an important issue that affects us all. By understanding why we are targets and taking the necessary steps to protect ourselves, we can reduce our risk of falling victim to a cyberattack. Remember to keep your operating system and software up-to-date, be cautious when using browser extensions, choose a reputable password manager, and follow best practices for staying safe online.